Some of these species are protected, especially by the Bangladesh Wildlife

Author: nevlu123

Description: # Some of these species are protected, especially by the Bangladesh Wildlife (Conservation) (Amended) Act, 1 (P.O. 23 of 1973).

### * Hello friends i juat uploaded another video for user and all as like before.

* Different species of deer (Hog deer - Axis procinus and Swamp deer - Cervus duvauceli), buffalo (Bubalis bubalis), terrestrial rhinoceros - Rhiniceros sondaicus and Indian rhinoceros - Rhinoceros unicornis) and some crocodile species of crocodile crocodile (Crocodylus palustris).From the beginning of the 20th century.

# The bees in the Sundarbans.

* Recent studies have shown that the biodiversity reservoir is home to 127 species of commercially important fish, 20 species of birds, 12 species of mammals, 3 reptiles and 3 amphibians.This indicates that a large part of the species exists in the Sundarbans of Bangladesh (eg 5 percent reptiles, 3 percent birds and 5 percent mammals) and a large portion of them are rare in other parts of the country, Sarker has noted that two amphibians, 14 reptiles, 25 aves and five mammals are presently endangered..According to the government, two species of mammals, 3 species of reptiles, 20 species of birds and 3 species of mammals are currently under threat.

* Sundarbans is a paradise for bird watchers in the field of bird watching, reading and research.Already, many animals have been extinct, including wild buffalo, deer, wild bull, small and large horned rhinoceros, bar horns, cheetah tigers.More manicured pairs of white manicured earbuds, stout ducks, gagan fences, water lizards and various birds.

# Sundarbans Tiger

* According to the 27 estimates, the Sundarbans is home to about 1 Royal Bengal Tiger tiger, which is the single largest part of the tiger.These tigers are widely known for killing a significant number of people, on average, about 5 to 20 people per year.They are not the only tigers close to the borders of human habitation.In Bandhgarh, surrounded by tiger sanctuaries, such attacks on people are rare.There were no reports of a tiger attack on the Sundarbans in the Indian part as security measures were taken.On the other hand, more than half the tigers have died at the hands of people in the Sundarbans in Bangladesh from 7th to 25th.

* Local people and government officials take various security measures to prevent tiger attacks.Local fishermen observe the prayers and religious rituals of the goddess Banbibi before the start of the journey.Praying for a safe walk in the Sundarbans is also essential to the local people.Since tigers always attack from behind, fishermen and tigers wear masks on the back of their heads.This system worked for a short time, but later the tiger understood the technique and started attacking again.

* Government officials wear tight pads like pads of American football players that cover the back of the neck.It is arranged to prevent tiger bites at their head, which is their preferred attack strategy.

# Fisheries Resources

* One of the residents of the Sundarbans livelihood fishing in the river.

* There has been no scientific research on the overall fish of the Sundarbans.As a result, data on the current status of fish, extinct fish and extinct fish are not available.Only, the fish that people eat and the fish that are exportable have been identified.It is estimated that there are about 5 species of fish in the Sundarbans.

* According to Sidensticker and Hi (para 3), commercial fish are 120 species;Of course, according to Barnaczek, (27) commercial fish have 8 species, 12 species of crab-shrimp and 8 species of snails.

* Sundarbans fisheries are divided into two parts.All the fish are mixed with white fish, the rest are buggy, bald, crab.In the eighties, the abundance of fish began to decline as shrimps began to catch.One-time local livestock protein is 5 percent metato fish.Now the fate of eating fish is in the fate of very few people.Banana shark, Elisha Kamut, Thick Kamut, Kanua Kamut are found in Sundarbans.

* Earlier, they were found in the Khalispur area, now (27) have moved south.Their origin is higher in West Sundarbans.

* These numbers have decreased drastically, especially as the black sharks are almost invisible.Most of these species of shankaj or cursed fish are not found in the creek area of ​​the Sundarbans now.

* The five species of fish of the Kuche ka Kamila - Sea quicha and paddy quiche are very bad.In the past, locals did not eat these fish to look like left fish.Don't eat yet Thousands of crabs, however, use quiche as a catch-catch for fish in prison.In winter, the arctic fish or archery fish were seen in the transparent waters of full tide in the jungle of the sea.The fish, which are of the size of a steep fish, grind on the leaves or branches of a tree about a foot and a half in the water, or on medium-sized insects, sprinkle intense water like a pitcher, soak the insect andsoak it in water.These fish grow up to a foot long in full age.I don't see these fish anymore.Once upon a time the very names of Java fish were heard, they were 5 centimeters tall.The burden now seen (20).Nowadays very tasty fish like pigeons or chitra are rarely found in fishermen's nets.

* The most well-known fish in the Sundarbans is Parshe fish.The fish, up to 5 cm tall, was found in abundance throughout the jungle.Still very few are available.Parshai broke the caste bowl.Rupture, rupture, rupture breakdown are very rare nowadays.Khursula or khalla are very tasty fish;They are no longer seen in the river-canals of the forest.

* The fish of the Sundarbans Kaikka or Kaikashel fish are much larger in size than the freshwater kayakas.Here is where this thorny kayaksheel (20) is rarely caught.Two species of large-size fat fish are now extinct.

* Deadly fishes are deadly poison on the thorns near the ears Magur.The big ear maguire is still extinct, but the tainted ear maguire is now extinct.Gulsha tangers of tanger varieties, saline tangers are still available, but the huge size of shillong fish has almost disappeared.Kajali fish are not usually seen.Wonderful whale fish.Where is the largest fish of the Sundarbans, where is the catch now?Earlier, the ugly visit to the Sundarbans canal was caught in the gallows of fish.Line fish used to be quite visible once, not seen recently.

* Gobdi areas, where tidal water is inserted.The water in these bills is sweet, and freshwater fish can be found here.Most of the geol fish.Apart from shi, horn, magur, two species of taki, shoal, small fish are found, including shrimps, pods, khalas, chelas, scorpions, shrimps.Salt water is pouring into these bills due to global warming.The fish of these bills are counting down to the end of the day.

* Currently, there are 5 types of fishing in the ignificant in this century, at least 8 species of mammals and 3 species of reptiles) and consequently declining ecosystems(IUCN).

# Sanctuary of Bangladesh

* The area of ​​the Sundarbans in Bangladesh is about 1.5 sq km.It consists of rivers, canals and creeks, about 5,7 square km.Whose width ranges from a few meters to a few kilometers So far Due to the interconnected waterways like nets, boat can be easily accessed almost everywhere in the Sundarbans.

* The management of the Sundarbans has two forest divisions, four administrative ranges - Chandpai, Sharankhola, Khulna and Burigolini and 4 forest stations.The forest is again divided into 3 compartments and 3 blocks.

* The Khulna Forest Circle has been formed in the new year for the conservation of forests and a conservation post has been created.The designation of the administrative head of the forest department is Khulna-centric.The Divisional Forest Officer has a number of professional, amateur and supportive personnel to implement the necessary management and administrative decisions.The central unit of management is the compartment.

* The 4 compartments under the four forest ranges are clearly divided according to natural features like rivers, canals and creeks.

* Three sanctuaries have been established in Bangladesh by the Bangladesh Wildlife Conservation Act, 1 (P.O. 23 of 1973).These are:

* Eastern Sundarbans Sanctuary: Area of ​​about 1,222 hectares.In addition to the predominance of sweet and beautiful herbs (Heritiera fomes), the gaewa (Excoecaria agallocha), Pa and Keora (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza) cover the floodplain area.Shingles (Cynometra ramiflora) are on relatively dry ground, Amurra cucullata is in aquatic areas, guaran (Ceriops decandra) is in saline areas and round leaves (Nypa fruticans) are along the stream.

* Southern Sundarbans Sanctuary: Spread over an area of ​​1.5 hectares.There is evidence of huge seasonal variations in salinity area.Goa is one of the main tree species of the relatively long saline area.It is often bred in places where the beauty cannot breed so successfully.

* Western Sundarbans Sanctuary: covers an area of ​​5,2 hectares.The comparatively dry land and rivers of the area grow in the Gewa, Goran and Hantal.

* Presence of Sundarbans through popular

* Most of the stories in the award-winning anthropologist Amitabh Ghosh's novel "The Hungry Tide", published in 28, are Sundarbans-centric.

* Part of the story of Salman Rushdie Booker's award-winning novel "Midnight's Children" is especially beautiful.

* Die Sundarbans is 'n uitgestrekte bosgebied aan die kus van die Baai van Bengale wat een van die natuurwonders van die wêreld is. Hierdie unieke bosland, geleë in die delta van Padma, Meghna en die Brahmaputra-rivierkom, is versprei oor Khulna, Satkhira, Bagerhat, Patuakhali en Barguna distrikte van Bangladesh. As een van die grootste mangrovewoude in die sout mariene omgewing, is die Sundarbans die grootste ongeskonde woud ter wêreld. . Bangladesh, wat 'n oppervlakte van 1,5 vierkante km beslaan, het 5 vierkante km in Bangladesh. Die Sundarbans is in 7 nC as 'n UNESCO-wêrelderfenisgebied erken. Die dele van Bangladesh en Indië grens wel aan dieselfde onbewoonde land, maar is onder die verskillende name op UNESCO se wêrelderfenislys; Benoem onderskeidelik "Sundarbans" en "Sundarbans National Parks".

* Die Sundarbans word omring deur 'n netwerk van seestrome, moddergarens en mangrovewoude, asook soutgebiede van mangrovewoude. Dit beslaan 1,3 persent van die totale woudarea, dit wil sê 1,5 vierkante kilometer, wat riviere, kreke en goed gedreineerde gebiede insluit. Benewens die beroemde Royal Bengal Tiger in die bos, is die bos ook die tuiste van talle voëlsoorte, chitra, takbokke, krokodille en slange. Volgens die opname is daar nou 1 tier en 5 chitra-takbokke in die Sundarbans-omgewing. Op 27 Mei 2012 is Sundarbans erken as die plek van Ramsay.

# nomenklatuur

* In Bengale beteken die Sundarbans letterlik mooi woude of mooi woude. Die Sundarbans is moontlik vernoem na die pragtige boom wat daar in oorvloed groei. Ander moontlike verklarings kan wees dat dit vernoem is na 'seebos' of 'maangebonde (dam)' (antieke inheemse). Daar word egter algemeen aanvaar dat Sundarbans vernoem is na die pragtige boom.

# geskiedenis

* Gedurende die Mughal-periode (121-5) het 'n plaaslike koning die hele Sundarbans gehuur. Sommige van die fundamentele veranderinge wat aangebring is aan die historiese wetswysigings, is om erkenning te gee as die wêreld se eerste mangrovebos en onder wetenskaplike toesig te kom. Die kaart van die Sundarbans-omgewing is in die 7de deur die Oos-Indiese Kompanjie gemaak, kort nadat dit deur die Mughal Emperor II Alamgir verkry is. Die woud het sedert die stigting van die bosafdeling in die destydse provinsie Bengale in Indië in die jaar nC organisatoriese bestuur gehad.

* Aan die begin van die agtiende eeu was die volume van die Sundarbans byna dubbel die van die hede. Die menslike druk op die bos het geleidelik sy volume gekrimp. In 1920 het die Britse regering die eienaarskap van die Sundarbans verkry. L. T. Hodges het die eerste opname van die Sundarbans in 122 nC gedoen. Die hele Sundarbans-gebied is in die 7de jaar as beskermde woud verklaar en die verantwoordelikheid van die hele Sundarbans is op die bosafdeling geplaas. Naam van die eerste Afdelingsbosbeampte van Sundarbans. U Groen. Hy dien in die 5de as die Afdelingsbosbeampte van die Sundarbans. Tydens die verdeling van Indië in die 5de het 5,3 vierkante kilometer van die Sundarbans in Bangladesh geval. Dit is ongeveer 8% van die volume van Bangladesh en ongeveer 5% van die hele bosgebied.

* Wettige regte van die eerste bosbestuursafdeling is in die eerste keer op Sundarbans gevestig. Ingevolge die Boswet (artikel 1) van die 7de is 'n groot deel van die Sundarbans in 1-3 tot beskermde bosgrond verklaar. Binne die volgende jaar is die res van die bos herken. As gevolg hiervan het dit weggetrek van die beheer van die afgeleë burgerlike distriksbestuur na die beheer van die bosafdeling. Later is die Bosdepartement gestig as 'n administratiewe eenheid vir bosbestuur, wat sy hoofkwartier in Khulna gehad het. Die eerste bosbestuurplan is gedurende die periode van 3-4 vir Sundarbans geformuleer.

* In 7 is die Sundarbans die Tract of Waste Land genoem, wat nog nooit ondervra is of ooit onder sensus gekom het nie. Die grens is toe ongeveer 20 km vanaf die monding van die Hooghly-rivier tot by die monding van die Meghna-rivier bedek. Terselfdertyd is die grens bepaal volgens die drie distrikte van 24 Parganas, Khulna en Bakerganj. Die totale oppervlakte, insluitend die reservoir, word geskat op 1 222 km2. Daar was 'n pragtige woud vol tiere en ander wilde diere. As gevolg hiervan was die poging tot opname nie baie suksesvol nie. Sundarbans is waarskynlik vernoem na die belangrikste heritiera-oewers. Die hardehout wat daaruit gevind word, word gebruik om verskillende items te vervaardig, insluitend bote en meubels. Die Sundarbans word oral verdeel deur riviere, kanale en kreke, waarvan sommige deur stoomboere en plaaslike bote gebruik is vir kommunikasie tussen Kolkata en die Brahmaputra-bekken.

# Geografiese struktuur

* Die satellietbeeld toon die beskermde gebied van die bos. Die Sundarbans is sigbaar in die groen van die motor, wat in die noorde omring word deur liggroen landbougrond, die stad in koperkleur en die riviere is blou. As een van die grootste drie mangrovewoude in die hele wêreld, is die ekosisteem van die Sundarbans in die Ganges-kom net so kompleks. Twee buurlande, die grootste deel van die Sundarbans wat oor Bangladesh en Indië versprei is (72%), is in die suidweste van Bangladesh. Baai van die suide; Die grens met die Baleshwarrivier in die ooste en meer bewerkbare grond in die noorde. Afgesien van die hooftakke van die rivier in die hoër gebiede, word die waterliggame grotendeels deur onvrugbare en lae lande versper. In werklikheid was die grootte van die Sundarbans veronderstel om ongeveer 5,7 vierkante km te wees. (Vanaf 20 jaar gelede). Ten minste is die huidige volume ongeveer 'n derde van die vorige. Tans is die totale grondoppervlakte 5,3 vierkante km. (Balutt, met 'n oppervlakte van 12 vierkante km), en die res van die waterliggame, insluitend riviere, kreike en kanale, is 5 vierkante km. Die riviere van die Sundarbans is die ontmoetingsplek vir soutwater en vars water. Dus het die gebied tussen die vars water van die rivier Ganga en die soutwater van die Baai van Bengale geword. Dit is in Satkhira, Khulna, Bagerhat en Patuakhali in Bangladesh geleë. Die Sundarbans is in die suidweste van Bangladesh geleë.

* Weens die tussenstroom van duisende jare langs die Baai van Bengale, het die Sundarbans natuurlik gegroei as gevolg van die skeiding van die stroomop. Die geografiese struktuur is tweevoudig, met talle strome op die oppervlak en moddermure en modderputte wat oor die water versprei is. Dit bevat ook marginale grasvelde, sandduine en eilande wat hoër is as die gemiddelde hoogte van die seebodem, wat bedek is deur nette soos kanale, ondergrondse kleimure, primitiewe modder-eiland modder en opgehoopte sediment. Die hoogte van die Sundarbans wissel van 1,5 m tot 2,5 m bo seevlak.

* Die biologiese faktore speel 'n belangrike rol in die vorming en mariene diversiteit van seestof. Hier word verskillende gebiede soos strande, riviermondings, permanente en verbygaande vleilande, modderputte, kreike, sandduine, erde slootjies gevorm. Die mangrove-plantwêreld speel self 'n rol in die vorming van nuwe grond. Die intergranulêre plantwêreld speel weereens 'n belangrike rol in die akwakultuurproses. Die teenwoordigheid van mangrovefauna skep 'n ingewikkelde fisiologiese omgewing in interglacial modderweiding. Dit behou die poli om 'n horisontale subklas vir die saad te skep. Die organisasie en evolusie van eindelose riete word beheer deur volop xerofitiese en halofitiese bome. Die blare, gras en hogla stabiliseer die struktuur van sandsteen en ongestruktureerde poliëster.

* Impak van klimaatsverandering

* Die aard van die vorming van die Sundarbans langs die kus word beïnvloed deur baie dimensionele faktore, waaronder die snelheid van die strome, die breë en makro-ekonomiese siklus en die lang kusstrome langs die kus. Seestrome kan gedurende die hele seisoen wissel. Hulle verander ook as gevolg van siklone.

* Die erosie en berging wat hierdeur gaan, hoewel nog nie akkuraat gemeet nie, maak 'n kwantitatiewe verskil in die aard van die aarde. Die mangrovewoud speel egter 'n belangrike rol in die stabilisering van sy hele stelsel. Gedurende die seisoenale reënseisoen is die hele eilande van Bengale onder water, met die meeste daarvan byna die helfte van die jaar. Die sedimente in die onderste kom kom hoofsaaklik as gevolg van gebeure soos die see en siklone tydens die reën van die moeson. Die stygende seevlak was een van die grootste probleme waarmee die inwoners van die Ganges-kombers gedurende die jare te kampe gehad het.

* Die vloei van vars water in baie van die Indiese mangrove-vleilande het sedert die einde van die 5de eeu aansienlik afgeneem weens die verandering in die vloei van varswater in die hooglande. As gevolg van die neo-tektoniese beweging, was die Bengaalse bakkie ook effens skuins ooswaarts, wat gelei het tot 'n groter vloei van vars water na die Sundarbans van Bangladesh. As gevolg hiervan is die soutgehalte in die Sundarbans van Bangladesh baie laer as in die Indiese deel. Volgens 'n studie van 3 was daar geen bewyse dat "die agteruitgang van die natuurlike omgewing van Himalaja of die" broeikas "die vloedsituasie in Bangladesh kommerwekkend gemaak het nie. In die 21ste eeu het 'n UNESCO-verslag getiteld" Lessons on Climate Change and Wêreld erfenis "noem dat 6 cm seevlak van ander mensgemaakte redes. Hoogte het toegeneem, insluitend mensgemaakte variasies, wat kan veroorsaak dat tot 5 persent van die Sundarbans vernietig word (volgens die Intergo Governmental Council in die bespreking) oor klimaatsverandering).

Die Nasionale Omgewingshof is ook bekommerd dat daar nie genoeg inisiatief is om die woud van Sundarbans, die mangrovewoude teen die seestorm, te red nie.


Pragtige boom

Die belangrikste woudvariëteite van die Sundarbans sluit in die oorvloed van heritiera-oewers, gaiva (Excoecaria agallocha), goran (Ceriops decandra) en kera (Sonneratia apetala). Volgens die skattings van Prine wat in 3 gepubliseer is, is daar altesaam 20 spesies en 4 plantsoorte. Na aanleiding van die verslag van die prairie, was daar wesenlike veranderinge in die mangrovespesies en hul taksonomie. Die aard van die bos word selde ondersoek om rekenskap te gee van hierdie veranderinge. Die meeste mangroves van ander wêrelddele word oorheers deur Rhizophoraceae, Avicenneaceae of Laganculariaceae, maar Sterculiaceae en Euphorbiaceae is oorheersend in die mangroves van Bangladesh.

Daar is 'n wye variasie van die plantlewe in die mangrovewoude van Bangladesh in vergelyking met ander mangrovewoude en kuswoude wat nie op die eiland geleë is nie. Rhizophoraceae is minder belangrik as die vorige. Die variasie in plantlewensiklus word verklaar deur die effek van suiwer water en lae soutgehalte in die noordooste, en aan die hand van wateronttrekking en sedimentberging.

Teenwoordigheid van Sundarbans deur gewilde

Die meeste verhale in die bekroonde antropoloog Amitabh Ghosh se roman "The Hungry Tide", gepubliseer in 28, is Sundarbans-sentraal.

'N Deel van die verhaal van die bekroonde roman "Midnight's Children" van Salman Rushdie Booker is veral mooi.

# Actually we know in the social media and net media we can see lot of videos but we can't reached all videos for watching.

# Some time we miss some videos so i will upload everyday some videos for the d.dtubers watch and enjoy.

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