Wari-Bateshwar is an archaeological site located in Belab upazila of Narsingdi, 5 km northeast of Dhaka.

Author: nevlu123


# Wari-Bateshwar is an archaeological site located in Belab upazila of Narsingdi, 5 km northeast of Dhaka.

### ** Hello friends i juat uploaded another video for d.tube user and all as like before.

* A castle-city underground. According to experts, it is about two and a half thousand years old.

* However, in the wake of the carbon-1 examination of some of the archaeological finds discovered in 28 CE, the settlements of Wari have been confirmed as early as 3 BC.


* Two villages along with Wari and Bateshwar in Shibpur upazila of Narsingdi. Various archaeological material was often found in both of these villages.

* On December 7, in the village of Wari, workers found a cache of coins stored in a container while digging soil. Mr. Mohammad Hanif Pathan, a local schoolteacher, collected 25 to 6 coins.

* These were the oldest silver coins of Bengal. This was the first attempt to collect archaeological artifacts from Wari-Bateshwar. He published the newspaper "Receiving Antique Coin" in the then weekly Mohammadi.

* He was making his son Mr Habibullah Pathan aware of the various archeological elements in the area. In 1 BATESWAR village, local workers left two iron bars abandoned.

* He was shocked when he saw Habibullah, his son, with triangular and one-eyed, heavy iron bars. Mr. Hanif sent an article titled "Prehistoric Civilization in East Pakistan" in the Rabi Basri issue of the daily Azad in the year 5 January.

* Then we find reports of different archaeological sites at different times. In March 7, a farmer from the village of Wari received a repository of silver coins printed on excavation of barley soil.

* There were at least four thousand coins in that store. Weight was nine cents. The gold coins were sold to the silvermaker at a rate of eighty rupees.

* Send Habibulla, then a ninth grade student, so the priceless materials of history for only Tk120 were lost forever in the silver reactor.

* In 1-5 AD, Mr. Habibullah Pathan was an honorary collector of the Dhaka Museum. He then handed over a large number of printed coins, stone beads, iron ax and ballum to the museum for research.

* At that time, he handed over thirty iron axes from the village of Ringertek to the museum. In 7 AD, Shahabuddin, from the village of Wari, recovered a bronze vessel from the ground.

* He could not collect them again and again, but later sold them to a warehouse for only 20 rupees. Mr. Habibullah sent one time to give the local children and children some money in exchange for collecting antique artifacts, and began collecting the unearthly valuable archaeological remains of the Wari-Bateshwar area.

* The rare single patterns of Bangabharata were recovered before his excavation by Bishnupatta, a bronze running horse, a newly minted tin vessel, a Shiva offering vessel, a Relic casket fragment, a stone bathakhara, lobh, baklakh, bolakh, nawal.

* Made of stone, trident, turtle, elephant, lion, duck, insect, flower, half moon, star, guard, amulet, terracotta Cherub, in the sun and the animals, rinstona, bronze Garuda, a few thousand short-precious stones and glass beads.

* The possibility of archaeological excavations in this unidentified Uwari-Bateshwar has been increasing for a long time. In the 7th century AD, Mr. Mohammad Hanif Pathan, a local schoolteacher (1-5) first brought Wari-Bateshwar to the notice of the civil society. Later, his son, Mr. Habibullah Pathan started writing in newspapers, highlighting the importance of the place.

* Archaeologists have repeatedly talked about this, but excavations did not happen. Finally, the excavation of the Department of Archeology at Jahangirnagar University began in the year 25. Mr. Sufi Mostafizur Rahman, the head of the department, led the excavation, Mr. Mizanur Rahman was the deputy leader, and students of the Department of Archeology at Jahangirnagar University were active in the excavation And the cooperation of the local people was also worth mentioning.

* The mobile phone service company Grameenphone came forward to give them patronage. The Ministry of Culture came forward for the first time on January 9, when the ninth phase was excavated.

* Excavations of archaeological objects have been discovered at Wari-Bateshwar, the oldest fortified city of the subcontinent, including ancient fortresses, ports, roads, sidewalks, terracotta plaques, low-value stones and glass beads, coins and treasures.

* Specialist architects have already begun research on the inverted-pyramid-shaped architecture. The four rocky structures found here seem to date back to the Archaeological age.

* In the light of the acquisition of the New Age era, they may have been used here in the middle of the second millennium BC. The duration of the large amount of iron ax and spear has yet to be determined.

* However, Dr. Based on the chemical tests of the ship, they are believed to be from 3-5 BC. The coins of the silver coin are likely to remain in circulation during the Period (325 BC - 5 BCE). Glass beads probably existed from the fourth century BC to the first century AD.

* At the initiative of the International Center for the Study of Bengali Art in the year 28 AD, two carbon-1 probes, such as the North Indian black smooth pottery, rolled pottery, nobed pottery, were found at the archaeological excavation in Wari. In those tests, the settlement of Uwari was confirmed as early as 4 BC.

* From the village of Sonarutla, one stone and the other terracotta venation stupas are found.

* Their construction methods and burning techniques are believed to have been used in the copper-plated period.

* The human community, which settled in the copper-plates on the Dundee hill of Panduaraja in West Bengal (3-5 BCE), created a pottery of gray, red and black with the impression of rice husk. The tradition of building bricks and pottery by combining paddy or rice husk in the clay is the signature of a long-standing culture in the region.

* In the village of Wari, there is a square-shaped median and trunk with a length of 5 meters. Except for the aisle on the east side, the average and the marking mark are missing.

* Another 3 km length, the outlying averages and ridges extend from Sonarutla village to the outskirts of Botteswar Haniabaid, Rajarbagh and Alamab to the end of the Tariyal Khan river.

* This is what the locals call the "average king of Assam". Two such defense walls are indicative of important commercial or administrative centers, which is also a condition of urbanization.

* In the excavation of Jahangirnagar University in March-April 27, an old paved road was discovered in the village of Wari in the village of Wari.

* The road was used in the construction of brick, lime, North Indian black clay pot, along with small pieces of iron covered with laterite soil.

* Jahangirnagar University Department of Archeology said. Sufi Mostafizur Rahman claimed it to be two and a half thousand years old.

* In this regard, Professor Dilip Kumar Chakravarty, of the Department of Archeology at Cambridge University, says that such a long and wide road has never been discovered anywhere in the second urban civilization in the entire Ganges Valley.

* The second urbanization of the Gangetic valley refers to the period of the subsequent urbanization of the Indus civilization.

* As a result, it is said to have been discovered, not only in Bangladesh but after the Indus civilization, the oldest road in India.

# Wari-Bateshwar is located in the highlands of the flooded organic soil on the south side of a dry riverbed near Kaira, near the old Brahmaputra and Aryal khan river.

* Considering the geographical location, the archaeological period has been more pronounced as a center of trade. From the Ptolemy's description, Mr. Dilip Kumar Chakraborty estimates that in the early historical period, Wari-Bateshwar served as the Entry port for the collection and distribution of goods from Southeast Asia and the Roman Empire. Sufi Mostafizur Rahman wanted to establish this concept firmly.

# Ptolemy's goldsmith

* Various archaeological researchers point to this area of ​​Bangladesh as to the question of where is the true location of the "Tsunagara" mentioned by the Greek geographer Ptolemy. The ancient Subarnagram is now known as Sonargaon.

* The place is a grazing land grown from river-bound sediments - the famous capital and river port of the Middle Ages.

* So, it was assumed that the expansion of Sonagara-Subarnagram-Sonargaon was Savar, Kapasia, Barshi, Sripur, Tok, Belab, Morazal, Palash, Shivpur, Manohardi, Uri Bateshwar, Laksh, Brahmaputra, Aryal Kandh river, Meghi and other parts.

* Many of the archaeologists, based on the exquisite glass beads and sandwich glass beads found in the Wari-Batshevar, and on the foreign trade of different regions of India, as well as in Southeast Asia (Thailand) and the Mediterranean (Roman Empire), refer to the "Ptolemy" referred to Ptolemy. Doing.

# Buddhist Padma Temple

* In March 9, the excavation of the Ninth Stage came out, a nearly 1,5-year-old brick-built Buddhist temple.

* The walls of the 1.5-meter by 1.5-meter square Buddhist temple are 5 centimeters wide and the base is one meter.

* The base of the clay wall is projected in three steps. The main walls consist of 3 centimeters wide, parallel to the north, south and west at a distance of 5 cm.

* Around the main wall, there is a 3-cm wide circular pathway with a brick bed. On the outside of the circular path, there are 3 cm wide walls parallel to the main wall. However, the distance between the main walls and the exterior is 1.5 meters to the east. To the east are the circular paths and the porch. So far, two construction periods have been identified in the Buddhist temple. Although the brick bedding of the early construction era was exposed, it will take longer to identify other features. However, during the later construction period, an altar with brick was found in the east-south corner. In the excavation, a puddle with eight petals has come out of the lot.

* The presence of this padma gives the temple the status of Lotus Temple. Padma is very important in Buddhism. Padma is one of the eight auspicious signs of Buddhism. The temple has been identified from the temple Vita of Shivpur Upazila.


* In the meantime many renowned archaeologists from across the country and abroad have published valuable research on Uwari Bateshwar. However, the Bangladesh Archeology Department has not yet released any report.

# Wari-Bateshwar is 'n argeologiese terrein in Belab upazila van Narsingdi, 5 km noordoos van Dhaka.

* 'N Kasteel-ondergrondse. Volgens kenners is dit ongeveer twee en 'n half duisend jaar oud.

* Na die koolstof-1-ondersoek van sommige van die argeologiese vondste wat in 28 nC ontdek is, is die nedersettings Wari egter reeds in 3 vC bevestig.


* Twee dorpe saam met Wari en Bateshwar in Shibpur upazila van Narsingdi. Verskeie argeologiese materiaal is gereeld in albei hierdie dorpe gevind.

* Op 7 Desember, in die dorp Wari, het werkers 'n kas met munte in 'n houer gevind terwyl hulle grond gegrawe het. Mnr. Mohammad Hanif Pathan, 'n plaaslike onderwyser, het 25 tot 6 munte ingesamel.

* Dit was die oudste silwer munte van Bengale. Dit was die eerste poging om argeologiese artefakte uit Wari-Bateshwar te versamel. Hy het die koerant "Ontvang antieke munt" in die destydse weeklikse Mohammadi gepubliseer.

* Hy het sy seun, mnr. Habibullah Pathan, bewus gemaak van die verskillende argeologiese elemente in die omgewing. In 'n dorpie BATESWAR het plaaslike werkers twee ysterstawe laat vaar.

* Hy was geskok toe hy Habibullah, sy seun, met driehoekige en eenoog, swaar ysterstawe sien. Hanif het 'n artikel met die titel "Prehistoric Civilization in East Pakistan" in die Rabi Basri-uitgawe van die daaglikse Azad in die jaar 5 Januarie gestuur.

* Dan vind ons verslae van verskillende argeologiese terreine op verskillende tye. In 7 Maart het 'n boer uit die dorp Wari 'n bewaarplek van silwer muntstukke ontvang wat op die uitgrawing van garsgrond gedruk is.

* Daar was minstens vierduisend munte in daardie winkel. Gewig was nege sent. Die goue muntstukke is teen tagtig roepies aan die silwermaker verkoop.

* Stuur Habibulla, destyds 'n negende klas, sodat die onskatbare materiaal van die geskiedenis vir slegs Tk120 vir ewig in die silwerreaktor verlore gegaan het.

* In 1-5 nC was mnr. Habibullah Pathan 'n ere-versamelaar van die Dhaka-museum. Daarna het hy 'n groot aantal gedrukte muntstukke, klipkrale, yster byl en ballum aan die museum oorhandig vir navorsing.

* Hy het destyds dertig ysterasse van die dorpie Ringertek aan die museum oorhandig. In 7 nC het Shahabuddin, uit die dorp Wari, 'n bronsvat van die grond gekry.

* Hy kon hulle nie keer op keer versamel nie, maar het hulle later vir slegs 20 roepies aan 'n pakhuis verkoop. Mnr. Habibullah het een keer gestuur om die plaaslike kinders en kinders geld te gee in ruil vir die versameling van antieke artefakte, en begin met die insameling van die waardevolle argeologiese oorblyfsels van die Wari-Bateshwar-omgewing.

* Die seldsame enkelpatrone van Bangabharata is voor sy opgrawing deur Bishnupatta, 'n brons hardloopperd, 'n nuut gesinterde blikvaartuig, 'n Shiva-offervaartuig, 'n relik-kisfragment, 'n klipbadakhara, lobh, baklakh, bolakh, nawal, gekry.

* Gemaak van klip, drietand, skilpad, olifant, leeu, eend, insek, blom, halfmaan, ster, wag, amulet, terracotta Cherub, in die son en die diere, rinstona, brons Garuda, 'n paar duisend kort edelgesteentes en glaskrale.

* Die moontlikheid van argeologiese opgrawings in hierdie ongeïdentifiseerde Uwari-Bateshwar neem al lank toe. In die 7de eeu nC het mnr. Mohammad Hanif Pathan, 'n plaaslike onderwyser (1-5) Wari-Bateshwar vir die burgerlike samelewing onder die aandag gebring. Later het sy seun, mnr. Habibullah Pathan, in koerante begin skryf en die belangrikheid van die plek beklemtoon.

* Argeoloë het herhaaldelik hieroor gepraat, maar opgrawings het nie plaasgevind nie. Uiteindelik het die uitgrawing van die Departement Argeologie aan die Universiteit van Jahangirnagar in 25 begin. Mnr. Sufi Mostafizur Rahman, die hoof van die departement, het die opgrawing gelei, Mizanur Rahman was die adjunkleier en studente van die Departement Argeologie. aan die Jahangirnagar Universiteit was aktief in die opgrawing En die samewerking van die plaaslike bevolking was ook noemenswaardig.

* Die selfoondiensonderneming Grameenphone het na vore gekom om hulle patronaatskap te verleen. Die Ministerie van Kultuur het op 9 Januarie, toe die negende fase opgegrawe is, die eerste keer na vore getree.

* Opgrawings van argeologiese voorwerpe is ontdek in Wari-Bateshwar, die oudste versterkte stad van die subkontinent, met antieke vestings, hawens, paaie, sypaadjies, terracotta-plakkies, lae waarde klippe en glaskrale, muntstukke en skatte.

* Spesialis-argitekte het reeds begin met navorsing oor die omgekeerde piramide-vormige argitektuur. Die vier rotsagtige strukture wat hier voorkom, blyk uit die argeologiese era te dateer.

* In die lig van die aanleer van die New Age-era, is dit moontlik dat hulle hier in die middel van die tweede millennium vC gebruik is. Die duur van die groot hoeveelheid ysteras en spies is nog nie bepaal nie.

* Dr. Op grond van die chemiese toetse van die skip is dit egter vermoedelik van 3-5 vC. Die muntstukke van die silwer muntstuk sal waarskynlik gedurende die periode (325 vC - 5 vC) in omloop bly. Glaskrale het waarskynlik bestaan ​​vanaf die vierde eeu vC tot die eerste eeu n.C.

* Op inisiatief van die International Centre for the Study of Bengali Art in die jaar 28 nC, is twee koolstof-1 probes, soos die Noord-Indiese swart gladde pottebakkery, opgerolde pottebakkery, nobed-aardewerk, by die argeologiese uitgrawing in Wari gevind. In daardie toetse is die vestiging van Uwari reeds in 4 vC bevestig.

* Van die dorpie Sonarutla word die een klip en die ander terracotta-venasie-stupas aangetref.

* Daar word vermoed dat hul konstruksiemetodes en brandtegnieke in die koperbedekking gebruik is.

* Die mensegemeenskap, wat hulle op die koperplate op die Dundee-heuwel van Panduaraja in Wes-Bengale (3-5 vC) gevestig het, het 'n pottebakkery van grys, rooi en swart geskep met die indruk van rysskil. Die tradisie om bakstene en pottebakkery te bou deur pap of rysdop in die klei te kombineer, is die teken van 'n jarelange kultuur in die streek.

* In die dorp Wari is daar 'n vierkantige mediaan en stam met 'n lengte van 5 meter. Behalwe die gang aan die oostekant, ontbreek die gemiddelde en die gemerkte punt.

* 'N Verdere 3 km-lengte strek die gemiddelde gemiddeldes en rante van Sonarutla-dorp tot aan die buitewyke van Botteswar Haniabaid, Rajarbagh en Alamab tot aan die einde van die Tariyal Khan-rivier.

* Dit is wat die inwoners die 'gemiddelde koning van Assam' noem. Twee sulke verdedigingsmure is 'n aanduiding van belangrike kommersiële of administratiewe sentrums, wat ook 'n voorwaarde vir verstedeliking is.

* In die opgrawing van die Jahangirnagar Universiteit in Maart-27 April is 'n ou geplaveide pad in die dorp Wari in die dorp Wari ontdek.

* Die pad is gebruik vir die konstruksie van baksteen, kalk, Noord-Indiese swart kleipot, saam met klein stukkies yster bedek met laterietgrond.

* Het die departement argeologie van die Universiteit van Jahangirnagar gesê. Sufi Mostafizur Rahman beweer dat dit twee en 'n half duisend jaar oud was.

* In hierdie verband sê professor Dilip Kumar Chakravarty, van die Departement Argeologie aan die Universiteit van Cambridge, dat so 'n lang en breë pad nog nooit in die tweede stedelike beskawing in die hele Gangesvallei ontdek is nie.

* Die tweede verstedeliking van die Gangetic-vallei verwys na die periode van die daaropvolgende verstedeliking van die Indus-beskawing.

* Gevolglik is dit na vore gekom, nie net in Bangladesh nie, maar ook na die Indus-beskawing, die oudste pad in Indië.

# Wari-Bateshwar is geleë in die hoogland van die oorstroomde organiese grond aan die suidekant van 'n droë rivierbedding naby Kaira, naby die ou Brahmaputra- en Aryal-khanrivier.

* As die geografiese ligging in ag geneem word, is die argeologiese periode meer prominent as 'n handelsentrum. Uit die beskrywing van die Ptolemeus, skat Dilip Kumar Chakraborty dat Wari-Bateshwar in die vroeë historiese periode gedien het as die Ingangshaven vir die versameling en verspreiding van goedere uit Suidoos-Asië en die Romeinse Ryk. Sufi Mostafizur Rahman wou hierdie konsep stewig vestig.

# Ptolemeus se goudsmid

* Verskeie argeologiese navorsers wys op hierdie gebied van Bangladesh oor die vraag waar die ware ligging van die 'Tsunagara' deur die Griekse geograaf Ptolemeus genoem is. Die antieke Subarnagram staan ​​nou bekend as Sonargaon.

* Die plek is 'n weiveld wat uit riviergebonde sedimente gekweek is - die beroemde hoofstad en rivierhawe van die Middeleeue.

* Daar is dus aanvaar dat die uitbreiding van Sonagara-Subarnagram-Sonargaon Savar, Kapasia, Barshi, Sripur, Tok, Belab, Morazal, Palash, Shivpur, Manohardi, Uri Bateshwar, Laksh, Brahmaputra, Aryal Kandh-rivier, Meghi en ander was dele.

* Baie van die argeoloë, gebaseer op die pragtige glaskrale en toebroodjie glaskrale wat in die Wari-Batshevar gevind is, en op die buitelandse handel in verskillende streke van Indië, asook in Suidoos-Asië (Thailand) en die Middellandse See (Romeinse Ryk) , verwys na die "Ptolemeus" verwys na Ptolemeus. Doen.

# Boeddhistiese Padma-tempel

* In 9 Maart het die uitgrawing van die negende fase uitgekom, 'n byna 1,5 jaar oue baksteen-geboude boeddhistiese tempel.

* Die mure van die 1,5 meter by 1,5 meter vierkante Boeddhistiese tempel is 5 sentimeter breed en die basis is een meter.

* Die basis van die kleimuur word in drie trappe geprojekteer. Die hoofmure bestaan ​​uit 3 sentimeter breed, parallel met die noorde, suide en weste op 'n afstand van 5 cm.

* Rondom die hoofmuur is daar 'n 3 cm breë sirkelroete met 'n baksteenbed. Aan die buitekant van die sirkelbaan is daar 3 cm breë mure parallel met die hoofmuur. Die afstand tussen die hoofmure en die buitekant is egter 1,5 meter na die ooste. Na die ooste is die sirkelpaadjies en die stoep. Tot dusver is twee konstruksietydperke in die Boeddhistiese tempel geïdentifiseer. Alhoewel die baksteenbeddegoed van die vroeë konstruksie-era blootgestel is, sal dit langer neem om ander kenmerke te identifiseer. Gedurende die latere konstruksietydperk is 'n altaar met baksteen egter in die oos-suid hoek gevind. In die opgrawing het 'n plas met agt kroonblare uit die lot gekom.

* Die teenwoordigheid van hierdie padma gee die tempel die status van Lotus-tempel. Padma is baie belangrik in Boeddhisme. Padma is een van die agt aangenaamste tekens van Boeddhisme. Die tempel is geïdentifiseer uit die tempel Vita van Shivpur Upazila.


* Intussen het baie bekende argeoloë van regoor die land en in die buiteland waardevolle navorsing oor Uwari Bateshwar gepubliseer. Die Argeologie-afdeling in Bangladesh het egter nog geen verslag bekend gemaak nie.

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